Customs clearance has many different steps and issues that will eventually lead to the import of goods from a country into the country. All traders who import a product into the country must clear it from customs to give a legal aspect to their imported products. It should be noted that customs clearance can directly affect the final value of the goods; Therefore, it is very important to be familiar with all the stages of customs clearance.
goods release from Customs
One of the most important and main steps in business is the customs clearance of goods that are released by buyers to import to the market. The release of goods from customs has different stages and rules, all of which will be established by the customs department; Therefore, all people are obliged to act within the framework of these laws to legalize the purchase of their goods. All people who disobey these rules will be subject to heavy fines.
In simpler terms, goods clearance means all the actions that the buyer or his legal representative takes to import the purchased goods. Since these actions must be within the framework of the specified rules of the customs department, many people are not well acquainted with it; Therefore, we suggest that you definitely get help from experts and familiar in this field regarding customs clearance.
Of course, there are cases where there is a need to complain to the customs and there are problems with the clearance process, which is not the subject of our discussion in this article.
Different stages of customs clearance
After the buyer receives all his products and goods from the seller, these goods will be imported to customs by means of freight. At this stage, the customs office will transfer these goods to its own warehouses. Now the customs officers request the buyer to provide the documents that show the purchase of the products and to complete the registration of the import order.
At this stage, the buyer will receive all the documents from the seller and provide them to the customs officers. In the next step, the buyer will be given a bill of clearance, with the help of which the goods placed in the customs warehouse can be removed. Of course, it should also be noted that before the buyer or his legal representative appears at the customs office, it is necessary to take measures. It is after performing these measures that the goods can be removed from the warehouse with the presence of a person or a representative, a bill of goods clearance and a worker’s clearance.
Getting to know customs clearance procedures
In the previous part, we mentioned that in order to remove the goods from the customs office, it is necessary to take a series of legal measures or formalities. Being familiar with such formalities can make you get your goods out of the customs warehouse in the shortest possible time. Among the most important steps in the legal procedures of the customs department, the following steps can be mentioned:
- In the first step, it is necessary to obtain the proforma and packing list.
- In the next step, it is necessary to obtain the necessary permission to register a business order.
- Now all goods will be insured.
- Necessary arrangements should be made to inspect and visit the goods at the origin and destination.
- To allocate bank transfer and currency, there is a need to file.
- After handing over the goods to the international transport companies, they will receive the goods transport documents.
- After receiving such documents, the filing should begin.
- In this section, it is necessary to complete the draft of the declaration round.
- Now, the technical experts of the Customs and Commercial Department will check the completed declaration and if there are no problems, they will approve it.
Documents required for customs clearance
In addition to getting familiar with the steps and necessary actions regarding the clearance of goods from the customs office, you need to have the necessary documents to do this. Of course, it should be noted that these documents are divided into three categories, documents related to the goods, documents related to the owner of the goods or his legal representative, and documents related to the business card. These documents will include:
Documents related to goods
- bill of lading
- Goods clearance
- Warehouse Receipt
- Baling list
- Commodity insurance policy
- Documents related to business order registration
- Standard certificate
- Certificate of Origin
- Inspection certificates issued by the inspection company
- Providing all kinds of legal licenses such as Ministry of Health license, standard, atomic energy and…
Documents related to the owner of the goods or his legal representative
- Providing the original and copy of the national card
- Providing the original and copy of the notarized power of attorney
- Providing the original and copy of the letter of introduction to the customs office
- Copy of insurance book
- Copy of introduction letter
Business card documents
- Providing the original and copy of all business card pages
- Providing the original and copy of the national card of the owner of the goods
Different customs routes
When you want to do customs clearance, a series of paths will be in front of you to do this. The path of these goods is different according to its type. For example, the green and yellow routes will be mostly for imported goods of manufacturing plants.
In this way, customs fees must be paid directly at first. After that, the goods are referred for customs clearance. There is no need to inspect or expert the goods in the customs green route, and for that reason you will not need any permits.
In this route, unlike the green route, it is necessary to check the value of the goods. In the yellow route, only the evaluation of the goods will not be done.
Goods that need to go through the red route to exit customs must go through all the administrative formalities such as evaluation, quality control, obtaining the necessary permits, etc.
Costs related to customs clearance
One of the most important points that you should know about customs clearance is knowing the costs of doing such a thing. These costs will be for receiving services provided by the customs department. Among the services of the customs department, we can mention the unloading and loading of goods, cargo, storage, conducting various tests, expertise, inspection, etc. These fees will be based on a pre-approved rate.
Of course, in addition to all the fees you receive from the customs office for receiving various goods clearance services, additional fees may also be charged by some government or private organizations. Of course, since all these fees are charged for customs clearance, they are known as customs clearance fees.
Introducing the customs clearance system
As we mentioned in the previous sections, some procedures and customs clearance procedures will be done online; Therefore, all people should be familiar with the system of clearance of goods from customs warehouses and go through its existing steps. For example, the person is required to register the goods declaration in this system. In order to receive a customs declaration, an individual or a business company must register all the information related to their goods in the clearance system.
To access the customs clearance system, you must visit the official and legal website of the Customs Department at epl.irica.gov.ir. To enter this system, you need to complete the registration by entering your information and receive a password.
It is also necessary for the applicant to appear in person at one of the branches of the customs department. In this way, he can activate his account in this system. Now he has completed his EPL declaration so that part of the steps and actions of removing the goods from customs can be done.
Customs clearance has different and sometimes complicated steps and actions that you need to get information about before doing anything. The goods that are imported into the country by importers are first kept in one of the customs branches, and if the person or the company that owns the goods provides different information about the goods, they can be removed from the customs warehouse. Removing these goods requires going through administrative procedures and paying special costs.